- About the Exhibit
- Empires and Revolutions: 1613–1825
- Trade with Spanish America: 1825-1900
- Cultural Encounters: 1825-1900
- Political Encounters: 1850-1930
- An Hispano Landscape: 1900–45
Cultural Encounters: 1825-1900
During the 1800s, commercial and political connections fostered cultural encounters as well, nowhere more so than in New York, the principal hub of communications and shipping. The growing ease of international travel for those who could afford it facilitated exploration. Washington Irving journeyed from New York to Spain; the poet José María Heredia traveled to New York from Havana; and visits and mutual observations among North Americans, South Americans, and Spaniards grew increasingly common.
Interaction took place on-the-ground and in the life of the imagination. Artists and writers measured their own society against others, producing paintings, literature, and journalism that helped to define national and cultural identities. Spanish-speakers integrated themselves into the life of the city as they enjoyed its educational and entrepreneurial opportunities, and the freedom it afforded to publish and organize around issues of concern.