- About the Exhibit
- Empires and Revolutions: 1613–1825
- Trade with Spanish America: 1825-1900
- Cultural Encounters: 1825-1900
- Political Encounters: 1850-1930
- An Hispano Landscape: 1900–45
New Yorkers Respond to Civil War in Spain
New Yorkers closely followed the rise of fascist political movements in Europe. The Nazis ascended to power in Germany in 1933, Italy invaded Ethiopia in 1935, and fascist Spanish forces supported by Germany and Italy rebelled against the democratically elected government of Spain in 1936. The fascist victory in the Spanish Civil War (1936-39) became the prologue to the Second World War.
When the U.S. embargoed military aid to the Spanish Republic during the civil war, people organized across the city to send humanitarian aid and promote awareness of the Spanish cause. And over 1,000 New Yorkers—hispanos among them—joined the Abraham Lincoln Brigade to fight in Spain against the fascists.
The experience forged new bonds among “Newyorkinos” from different parts of the Spanish-speaking world, fostering the creation of new institutions and supportive networks. Spaniards and Latin Americans on the left and right found their pro-Republic or pro-Franco allegiances outweighing outdated divisions along imperial/colonial lines.